Abruzzo National Park, full and official name "National Park of Abruzzo, Lazio and Molise", together with Gran Paradiso National Park it is one of the oldest parks in Italy. Also at an international level it has a considerable reputation linked above all to the conservation of Italian fauna species that stimulate the imagination of young and old. The wolf, for example, but also Abruzzo chamois and Marsican Bear and the elegant Golden Eagle. As for vegetation, it is mainly covered by beech woods: they occupy about two thirds of its surface.
Abruzzo National Park: where it is located
The territory enclosed in the Abruzzo National Park about 70% is located in the province of L'Aquila, in Abruzzo, the remainder is shared by Lazio, with the province of Frosinone, and Molise, with that of Isernia. in Molise. The Park Authority was established on 25 November 1921 with a provisional directorate, the formalization arrived on 11 January 1923.
The territory on which the park extends is mainly mountainous and pastoral, there is almost no trace of vine and olive cultivation, if not in the Giovenco valley and in the Comino valley. The mountain ranges are the protagonists, ranging from 900 to 2,200 m, giving a variety of morphologies that even the most ignorant appear evident and intoxicating.
You pass like nothing from the rounded peaks, typical ofApennines to the steep slopes with a typical alpine aspect, in a single excursion, turning our gaze around us. The most important reliefs are Monte Marsicano, Montagna Grande, the Petroso and Meta chains, Monte Greco: they will proudly show you the footprints of the glaciations.
Even the rivers offer shows, first of all the Sangro river thanks to the karst phenomenon that gives life to underground beds and springs in the valley, and then there are two lake basins: the artificial lake of Barrea and lake Vivo. Picturesque waterfalls and pools of water in the Abruzzo National Park they are to be found in the Camosciara area, they are created there thanks to the presence of dolomite, a rock with particular waterproofing characteristics.
Abruzzo National Park: what to see
In the vast territory of Abruzzo National Park there are particular destinations considered to be of tourist interest, for example among the villages that of Barrea, with the monumental tower, or that of Civitella Alfedena, with another tower, this time cylindrical. There are the medieval villages of San Donato Val di Comino and Rocchetta a Volturno, and another worthy one is that of Castel San Vincenzo with the Abbey of San Vincenzo al Volturno.
Other destinations with which to enrich our excursions can be the Tratturo L'Aquila-Foggia or the Sperone di Gioia dei Marsi, the bell tower of the old church of San Martino in Agne in Lecce in the Marsi or an entire church: that of Saints Peter and Paul of Pescasseroli. Also inevitable from the parts of Abruzzo National Park a castle, the Cantelmo di Alvito Castle.
Abruzzo National Park: animals
Not only villages, or churches or stones, it takes a little life and in a park, it is only right and logical to give space and dedicate time to animals. Especially in the Abruzzo National Park which hosts a great variety. If long ago they had much more territory available, today they are in this area and they enjoy it, not making themselves very noticed. We can count 60 species of mammals, 300 of birds, 40 of reptiles, amphibians and fish, and many species of insects, some endemic.
Most of the aforementioned are elusive and circumspect, wary of us voyeurs, so it is not immediate to walk around and notice the animals we want on our right or left. But the charm of the Abruzzo National Park it also lies in this search for authentic beauty, a bit tiring. Do not be discouraged: in some seasons, if there is tranquility, silence is in force and the environment is respected, here are the most spectacular animals such as the Abruzzo chamois, the Marsican brown bear, the wolf, or the deer and the wolf. 'Golden Eagle.
Abruzzo National Park: how to get there
To achieve this wonderful Abruzzo National Park you can decide whether to do it from the eastern Marsica (Pescina exit of the A25) and from Alto Sangro through the 83 Marsicana state road. This last road crosses the protected territory from north to south-east and connects Pescasseroli, Opi, Villetta Barrea, Civitella Alfedena, Barrea and Alfedena.
In addition to these two usually more popular opportunities, there are secondary accesses, from Cocullo (A25), for example, through the state road 479 Sannite passing through the Sagittarius Valley and Scanno-Passo Godi. Or from the Lazio region, cross the Forca d’Acero pass and take the homonymous State Road 509.
Briefly and further away, from Rome or the A24 / A25 Rome-L'Aquila - Pescara, exiting at Celano or Pescina and continuing for Bisegna, or the A1 Rome-Naples, exiting at Ferentino, then continuing for Sora-Forca d ' Maple tree. From Naples with the A1, up to the Caianello exit, continuing to Venafro and Alfedena.
Leaving the car in the garage, in the summer we can take advantage of the bus that runs daily from the capital to Abruzzo National Park and viceversa. Or my beloved train, so I suggest you consult the Trenitalia website, both for the Rome-Pescara line, with the ARPA company buses that continue, and for the Naples-Pescara, stop at Castel di Sangro, always continuing by bus. You can also decide to travel entirely by bus with the company SATAM or ARPA, all the specifications can be found on the sites of both.
Abruzzo National Park: Pescaserroli
The locality of Pescasseroli hosts the current headquarters and central management of Abruzzo National Park, the inauguration dates back to 9 September 1922. Morphologically speaking, Pescaserroli is located in a large plateau, numerous of them open up among the mountainous reliefs that largely occupy the territory, giving us a landscape that has something twisted and elaborate. Other plateaus other than that of Pescaserroli are the karst ones, an example is that of the “Forme”, in Pizzone.
At the center of the Abruzzo National Park however there is the chain of Camosciara, a place where nature is at the center in the true sense of the word and as hardly occurs elsewhere. It is one of the best places where, a few meters away and in every season, splendid specimens of the Abruzzo chamois.
Abruzzo National Park: excursions
Excursions are the first and best way to experience the Abruzzo National Park getting in touch with nature, culture, traditions seriously, and not because you have passed by or read something about it. Fatigue combined with the beauty experienced on excursions are a guarantee of authenticity.
In Abruzzo National Park you can make many excursions on foot following the eco-tourist itineraries or horseback riding or on the back of a mule. The beauty of the landscape remains even if we make the trips by bicycle and canoe.
In Abruzzo National Park It is possible for enthusiasts to also make excursions on cross-country skis, for the lazy ones, panoramic tours are proposed, both by bus and by car. After taking a look at the video we have proposed to you, you will certainly have clear ideas about the type of panorama that awaits you and also the areas you might prefer.
Arrived in Abruzzo National Park therefore, all you need to do is take part in guided excursions or get the official tourist card with about 150 eco-tourist itineraries, for a total length of more than 250 km. Each path is also for the distracted, marked in international language, red / white / red, with a letter and a number in the center.
Abruzzo National Park: map
The impatient are always there, and if it comes to pawing for a trip, let's meet them with this map with which to start acquiring familiarity with the area.
Abruzzo National Park: official website
In addition to the geographic site of marvelous beauty, the Abruzzo National Park it also has a website that tells about it. On the site of the Abruzzo National Park you can find in-depth explanations of both the history of the park and its fauna and flora, the organized, occasional and quantitative initiatives, accessibility and everything you might want to know before going to touch the splendor of this protected area.
If you liked this article keep following me also on Twitter, Facebook, Google+, Pinterest and ... elsewhere you have to find me!
You might also be interested in
- National parks in Italy
- Sila National Park
- She-wolf howling and giving birth
- Video traps: what they are and where to buy them
- Pack of Wolves playing