Echinacea purpurea: cultivation, when and how to sow echinacea, where to find the seeds of echinacea purpurea and all the instructions for growing it.
L'Echinacea purpurea, also known aspurple echinacea, is a very popular medicinal plant. Originally from North America, theEchinaceabelongs to the same family as the sunflower. On this page we will see how to grow Echinacea purpureastarting from sowing or vegetative multiplication.
Just like ourschamomilegrows spontaneously at the edge of paths, in sunny hilly areas or in uncultivated meadows, even theEchinacea purpureait behaves as a spontaneous species in many locations around the globe. L'Echinacea purpureait is very common in the eastern and southeastern part of the United States and grows wild in many Canadian provinces, in Ohio, in the Ozarks and in the Mississippi area.
L'Echinacea purpureait is a perennial herbaceous plant that reaches a height of about 120 cm and, depending on the climate, blooms from spring to the end of summer.
Echinacea purpurea, cultivation
Hercultivationit is widespread both for ornamental purposes (its flowers are hermaphrodites and are pollinated by butterflies, bees and other pollinating insects) and for the manypropertyof Echinacea.
Many varieties have been selected for ornamental cultivation: in this case theEchinacea purpureapresents a flower with large petals.
Echinacea prefers well-drained, clayey or sandy soils, it is little affected by the pH reaction of the soil. The plant is able to thrive in the shade and can develop well both in dry and wet soils. It can tolerate drought but not water stagnation.
The number one enemy ofEchinacea it is the snail that feeds on its petals. You might be interested in the article:how to keep snails away.
Echinacea purpurea, multiplication
The most common method of propagation is sowing, however it can be grown withmultiplicationfor cuttings and other division methods.
To multiply theechinacea purpureayou just need to take some basal cuttings, alternatively, the tufts can be divided into smaller clusters and implanted in containers until fully established.
It is possible to multiply theEchinaceawith basal cutting with roots (take a 15 cm herbaceous “branch”, taking care to remove part of the root as well).
Rootless cuttings can be rooted using a rooting hormone. In this case, the optimal period of multiplication falls in spring.
Place theEchinacea cuttingin a jar with a diameter of 10 cm. Fill the jar with fertile soil, commercial soils are preferred because they are free of any weeds but given the scarce needs of theechinacea purpureawell sifted garden soil is fine, as long as it is free of seeds or weed residues.
To improve the chances of rooting and speed up the vegetation of the youngcuttings of Echinacea purpurea rootless, the use of a rooting powder to be added to the propagation substrate or to be brought into direct contact with the incision is strongly recommended; among the various rooting products we point out the rooting powder "Verde vivo", proposed on Amazon with free shipping at the price of € 12.60. There are many rooting agents available on the web and on Amazon, you are spoiled for choice.
Optimal period for the multiplication of Echinacea
Theremultiplication of Echinaceait can take place in spring or autumn.
When to grow Echinacea Purpurea
If thecultivation of Echinacea Purpureastarts from multiplication by cuttings, the optimal times to start cultivating the cutting are those indicated above. If thecultivationstarts with thesowing, L'Echinacea purpureait should be cultivated in the hottest days of late spring.
Theresowing of Echinacea Purpureait can also take place indoors, in this case you can anticipate germination and start cultivation in the seedbed already at the end of February / beginning of March.
Echinacea Purpurea, the seeds
It is not easy to find theseedsofechinacea purpureabecause not all nurseries have this species ofEchinacea, although it is the most widespread. If not even the trusted nursery can provide you with theseeds of echinacea purpurea, you can take advantage of the online purchase: on “this Amazon page” you will find the classic sachets available even for a few euros and with free shipping costs.