To devote yourself to the cultivation of vegetables it is not necessary to have a small plot of land, many species can in fact be grown in pots: this is the case of many climbing vegetables and fruits. The balcony can be transformed into a green paradise thanks to the setting up of avertical garden. Let's see what are the climbing vegetables and fruits that can safely be grown on the balcony.
It goes without saying that certain factors are necessary for the successful development of these plants, such as exposure, maintenance, space available.
Climbing plants on the balcony bring advantages
- They save us space
- They keep fungal diseases away: the fruits not being in contact with the earth will get sick less
- They help us shade the balcony
- They make the balcony more scenic
Among the vegetable plants that lend themselves to being grown on the balcony as climbers we have cucumbers, tomatoes and courgettes (some species for tomatoes and courgettes). As for the fruit plants we have: grapevine, kiwi and passion flower, blackberries and raspberries, strawberries, blueberries
Beans and peas, but also some varieties of green beans, have a natural climbing habit, but they should still be supported with nets, racks, or, even if in pots, small huts can be built for them, formed by three reeds whose summit is held together by string (just like a small Indian tent).
Cucumbers can grow inside a large mesh wire mesh cage, although a wooden trellis leaning against the wall or secured to the balcony rail is best for them. Another solution is always a net but inserted into the vase lengthwise.
Another climbing plant, not edible, but showy and of great use, is the loofah: it looks incredibly similar to cucumber.
As for tomatoes and courgettes, care must be taken in choosing climbing varieties. For example, the “Principe Borghese” tomato is the one indicated for vertical development, but generally all tomatoes have a sarmentose bearing and are suitable for growing in cages, tied to trellises or at least supported by stakes, during the various stages of growth.
Among the courgettes we find the 'tromboncino d’Albenga', which can be eaten raw when they are small. Even the thorny ones have a climbing habit, although they require a little more space.
The same goes for blackberries and raspberries, for which there is no correct growth except that supported by a backrest.
To create a shaded area inside our balcony, we can use the vine, kiwi or passion flower. These plants are all stripping: in winter they are bare but in summer they will offer us some refreshment and lots of fruits.
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