Willow cutting: period and instructions for the multiplication of the willow. Willow hedge and cultivation tips.
TheWillowit is a fast growing plant that adapts to almost all types of soil (except arid ones). It does not fear pruning and its multiplication is easily done with the cutting technique.
There are about 300 species ofWillow, of these, 10% is spontaneous on Italian territory. Let's talk aboutplantsancient characterized by elements of separate sex that are recognized by the different shape of the flowers. You got it right, there are "female willows" and "male willows".
THEwillowscan be taken in kind ascuttingsorastonibut always taking care not to damage the mother plant. Some species ofWillow, as thepopularweeping willow, they become large trees, other willows become shrubs.
All willow species have needs forcultivationsimilar that we will see in the next paragraph. Also therecuttingis applicable to all willow species, including the much loved oneweeping willow.
Therecultivation of willowsit gives us the possibility to build a hut, a gazebo, a hedge… it is a very versatile plant and much loved by Italians.
The Willow it is widely cultivated both for its uses (willow for weaving, production of wicker, fences, supports, agricultural uses ...) and for its aesthetic value.
All sorts ofWillowthey need moisture and aerated soil. Unlike most of the plants that we are used to hosting in our garden, theWillowit does not fear water stagnation (it tolerates stagnant water even for long periods, but only when the soil is not too compact).
TheWillowgrows best whenplantedin sunny locations. Who is intrigued by thewillow roots, must know that thisplantit has a very extensive root system, very strong but not very deep.
If you want to set up awillow hedgeyou can choose the species with the most suitable and most resistant formpruning. In reality, all willows are resistant to pruning, the most suitable for hedge cultivation are three:
- Swiss willow
Typical plant of the Alps, botanically known as Salix helvetica.
- Rosemary willow
Salix rosmarinifolia, has leaves similar to those of rosemary and grows spontaneously only in the Ligurian territory.
- Willow astatus
Salix hastatait grows spontaneously in all northern regions.
Therecuttingis a technique of multiplication of the willow with high chances of success, so it is the most widespread propagation.
For thewillow bonsai cultivation starting from the seed is recommended. In reality, the spontaneous spread of willows is ensured by the seeds which are endowed with a tuft and hairs. The only drawback is that iwillow seedsthey have a limited germinability which, depending on the species, ranges from a few days to a few weeks. For this reason, we do not recommend buying willow seeds, it is better to collect them yourself.
The best method ofwillow propagationand thecutting. Therewillow cuttingoffers acultivationfast, practical, reliable and able to producewillow plantsof good size within a few years.
Willow cutting, period
When to make the willow cutting?
Spring cuttings and autumn cuttings are possible. The willow cutting can be taken both in late autumn and in early spring.
One takes onecuttingwith a length of 15 cm. When cutting, use well-sharpened and disinfected scissors. Cut the branch obliquely so as to have a larger surface to develop the roots.
Fill a container with a mixture of one part of peat and one part of coarse sand. Make as many holes in the soil as there are willow cuttingsto do. The substrate of thecuttingit must always be kept moist.
Cover the container with a transparent plastic sheet and place it on a veranda or in a closed and bright place.
To increase the chances of engraftment, use on yourswillow cuttinga phytostimulating substance able to help root formation.
Purchase a cutting powder also known asrooting hormone,make sure it is developed for semi woody plants. Among the various rooting products we point out the rooting powder "Verde vivo", proposed on Amazon with free shipping at the price of € 12.60. There are many rooting agents available on the web and on Amazon, you are spoiled for choice.
In addition to using a rooting product, remember to always keep the soil moistsprayingwater but without wetting the cutting. Use water at room temperature and possibly distilled.
Once your cutting has developed roots, transfer it to a pot. Therewillow cutting, until it has shown a certain vigor, it will have to be grown in pots. Planting is not recommended just after rooting. Before planting in the garden, wait at least a year continuing thecultivation of willow cuttings in pots.