In thesynergistic winter garden, the associations must take into account the adaptability of individual vegetables to low temperatures. Carrots, cabbage and peas begin to germinate above 5 ° C, beans and broccoli need 7-8 ° C. Around 10 ° C comes the time for celery, onion, cauliflower, lettuce, parsley, leeks and gradually everything else as the sun begins to warm the soil.
Considering that winter runs from December (day 21) to March (day 21), the varieties that can be put into production in a synergistic winter garden they are almost all (the gardening does not stop in winter!). Obviously we are talking about sowing, in protected cultivation or outdoors. Winter is not the time for transplants in open ground, but for those you need to arrive with the seedlings ready.
Synergistic winter garden month by month
December. In this period, the activity is reduced to a minimum, but from the beginning of the month (even from November if desired), lettuce and radicchio can be sown in protected cultivation under the sheets. As for the phases of the moon, better for both the waning moon. As for the intercropping, the combination is neutral.
December is the right month to arrange and consolidate the pallets (always taking care not to compact the earth) and to arrange new mulch to protect the new plants from the cold after the old mulch has degraded and transformed into surface compost. Remember to also mulch the passages so as to avoid the pallets losing moisture from the banks.
January. Full winter, but the business starts again. It is time to sow watermelon, basil, cucumber, aubergine, melon, pepper, tomato in protected crops and on a growing moon; in the waning moon cauliflower, broccoli, chicory, onion, turnips and radish, as well as lettuce and radicchio already started in December. With carrots you can start sowing outdoors on a waning moon.
Considering that we are at the first sowing and that in our winter synergistic garden there are no other crops yet, the unfavorable associations to avoid are: cabbage-onion, cucumber-tomato, radish-cucumber.
February. In this month it is possible to continue sowing in protected cultivation of: cauliflower, broccoli, cucumber, lettuce, aubergine, melon, pepper and tomato (for the moon phase see January). Always in protected cultivation, we begin with the sowing of cabbage and savoy cabbage, fennel, salad and celery in the waning moon. In the growing moon of pea and zucchini.
In February, you can already sow outdoors on a waning moon: garlic, beets, chicory, onion, radicchio, turnips, radish and spinach, as well as continuing with carrots started in January. In the growing moon, parsley and broad beans are sown.
Looking at the new arrivals, interconnections should be avoided: garlic-cabbage, garlic-pea, onion-cabbage, onion-pea, turnip-spinach, radish-cucumber, parsley-lettuce, celery-lettuce, cabbage-onions, cabbage-fennel.
March. The temperature rises and we start to full activity. In this month the protected cultivation of watermelon, cucumber, eggplant, melon, pepper, celery and courgette continues (for the moon see above). And you can start the protected sowing of beans and pumpkin, both in the growing moon.
In March, it is sown outdoors on a waning moon: beet, carrot, cauliflower, broccoli, cabbage, cabbage, chicory, fennel, salad, lettuce, radicchio, turnips, radish and spinach. On the waxing moon: broad beans, pea and parsley.
In March, the outdoor transplantation of garlic and onions can also begin, for both on a waning moon. But it is better to wait until the end of the month, that is, at the beginning of spring.
The new entries in ours synergistic winter garden they are the bean and the pumpkin. Associations are to be avoided: bean-garlic, bean-onion, bean-fennel, bean-tomato and pumpkin-cucumber.
Read also our article: How to create a synergistic vegetable garden
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