Osmanthus, plant and cultivation. The most suitable varieties for your garden, the care to be given to the plant and information on the intense scent of its flowers.
Osmanthus, plant and its characteristics
Theosmantsthey are shrubs that can reach large dimensions; we are talking about evergreen shrubs and very resistant to diseases.
This plant has ornamental leaves with a thorny margin; the leaves are not the only characteristic aspect of the plant! L'osmanthus, from October to December, gives us a splendidflowering. The flowers are very fragrant and are produced in quantity. With some extra care, this plant can give birth to onehedgevery fragrant.
L'osmanthusyou cangrow in potsor in the garden. If you already have one, remember to do arepottingevery three years. If you haven't bought it yet, choose the variety that best suits your needs and add it to your garden for even just the intenseperfumeof hersflowers! Those with little space cancultivate osmanthus in potson the balcony of the house, placing it in a not very sunny position.
Osmanthus, the species to be cultivated
L'osmanthusis counted among the plants that bloom in autumn and winter, in fact, based on the seasonal climatic trend, the flowering it can go until the end of December and the beginning of January.
In garden centers and nurseries we can find different varieties and species ofosmanthus. Among the most common we point out:
- Osmanthus fragrans
- Osmanthus armatus
- Osmanthus heterophyllus
- Osmanthus x fortunei
In fact, the Osmanthus x fortunei species (also evergreen and fragrant) is the cross between Osmanthus heterophyllus and Osmanthus fragrans. Osmanthus x fortunei does not exceed three meters in height and due to its more limited development it can be grown in pots more easily.
The Osmanthus armatus species reaches a height of about 4 meters, has 15 cm long, dark green leaves. In this and in the other species mentioned, the toothed leaves are provided with thorns.
The speciesOsmanthus fragransis suitable for makinghigh hedges. For its remarkable development it has been nicknamed thegiant osmanthus: can exceed 5 meters in height. Among the varieties of this species we point out theaurantiacuswith small yellow flowers and an intense scent that vaguely recalls an orange in bloom.
The speciesOsmanthus heterophyllusit has a more rounded posture than the other species mentioned. It can exceed a height of 4 meters but never goes beyond 5 m. It has 6 cm long leaves that often appear without thorns.
Osmanthus or holly
Very often, theosmanthusit is confused with holly. In fact, the leaves vaguely resemble each other, both plants have a shrubby shape, however osmanthus stands out because it is less thorny. Not only that, osmanthus has very fragrant flowers that give off a sweet scent of jasmine. Holly produces round and red berries while osmanthus produces bluish ovoid berries.
Osmanthus, cultivation and care
Osmanthus is a very disease resistant plant. It needs little care even if it fears frost. L'osmanthusit is a plant native to western China, the Himalayas, Japan and Taiwan. In the wooded areas of these locations, osmanthus thrives spontaneously, always in a partial shade position.
Its native habitat gives us the idea of a rustic and resistant species that prefers a mild climate. Those who live in the north of Italy will have to abandon the idea of growing an osmanthus hedge! In the north and in mountainous areas, osmanthus can only be grown in pots so that it can be sheltered during the winter.
From May to September the plant needs abundant irrigation. The administration of organic fertilizer is recommended between the end of February and the beginning of March. Osmanthus grown in hedges can be made stronger with potassium-based fertilizers that must be distributed monthly from March to September.
The osmanthus hedge is easy to manage - these plants resist pruning well. Osmanthus pruning should be done between the end of winter and the beginning of spring.