There Dyslalia it is a rather common problem even if few know this term to define it and it is often used more derisive, better to know the real name also not to offend and to call things without judging them. The dyslalia it has nothing to do with dyslexia, even if there is an assonance, but in some way it has to do with words, with words not written but spoken.
The dyslalia, in full call "Peripheral organic", is what is commonly called a speech impediment. It is not a vice or an unwillingness to distinguish the syllables or other of voluntary, at the base there is an alteration of the first formation of the muscles of the cavity and of the organs of resonance and verbal articulation.
It can be either of traumatic origin, or linked to a trauma, or consequent to one peripheral paralysis. Usually the cases of dyslalia are classified according to the area in which it occurs the incorrect setting of the phoneme and if they have any three cases, the labial one, the dental one and the organic one
The organic dyslalias linguals are the rarest and are caused by abnormal tongue sizes that are too large or too small. In fact, we speak of micro and macroglossia, as appropriate. We can look for the origins of the problem in traumatic events but also in surgical episodes, this dyslalia can be linked to mono or bilateral hypoglossal paralysis.
Another type of organic is the palatal organic leading to impaired division between the oral and nasal cavity. It occurs as a result of lesions of the hard palate or palatopharynx and from the point of view of pronunciation, the “victim” consonants are / b /, / d /, / g / in / m /, / n /, / gn /.
For the primary palate we speak of cheiloschisis, if the problem is in the lip, or cleft gnatos if it is in the alveolar-dental arch. For the secondary palate, you will have cleft staphylocus, cleft uranus or cleft uvulosis depending on where the problem originates.
The labial dyslalias are almost as rare as organic ones and have a traumatic or surgical origin. The consonants that in this case can turn into the mouth of the sufferer are basically 3, the / p /, the / b / and the / m /.
The third type, the most frequent today, is that of dental dyslalias, also called dental arches. This time it's the ones that are compromised labiodental consonants like / f / and / v /, but also those linguodental like / l / and / r /, and those hissing such as / ts /, / dz /, / s /, / z /, / st /.
Dyslalia in surgery
In several cases it is better not to intervene, unless strongly advised and following one specific surgical protocol which involves a series of steps. Here they are indicatively, it will then be up to the specialist doctor to evaluate the individual cases.
It starts from closing of the lip and palate soft at 2-3 months, at 5 months it is recommended to close the hard palate. At the age of six the child can undergo a child rhinophribroscopy CT scan and orthodontic treatment, 8 to one pharyngoplasty. If you are already around 16 or a little more, then what you need to do is a rhinoplasty, or a osteotomy. In some cases, theSurgical rhinoplasty
There are books very interesting from which to start to face a treatment that will improve if not completely eliminate a speech defect. Excellent example is this "Let's play with phonemesWhich is literally a manual of games and activities aimed at consolidating phono-articulatory skills some children. Nothing prevents us from using them as needed for any person who needs to exercise.
It's not at all easy to improvise fun exercises to treat developmental speech and joint disorders, moreover, these are activities that must be repeated often and regularly, so if they are trivial or not very funny, they risk demotivating and bringing down the child.
With this book in your hands you are on horseback: it contains over 150 cards and more than 800 color cards for fun games, also well known as the game of the goose, or to learn from scratch while practicing with occlusive, constrictive, affricate phonemes, words with diphthongs or with particular consonant groups or entire words which may seem impassable due to how complex they are. By reading books on the subject of speech defects you may also hear about sigmatism.
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